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DEMETER is the latest Olympian deity away from agriculture, grains and you will bread Leave a comment

DEMETER is the latest Olympian deity away from agriculture, grains and you will bread

ENCYCLOPEDIA DEMETER Headings

ACHAEA (Achaia), a good surname out of Demeter for which she was worshipped in the Athens from the Gephyraeans who had emigrated thither front side Boeotia. (Herod. v. 61; Plut. Was. mais aussi Osir. p. 378, D.)

AMPHICTY?ONIS (Amphiktuonis), an excellent surname regarding Demeter, produced by Anthela, where she try worshipped significantly less than that it label, because it is actually the place off fulfilling on amphictyons off Thermopylae, and since sacrifices was basically available to this lady on starting off the fulfilling. (Herod. vii. two hundred ; Strab. ix. p. 429.)

ANESIDO?RA (Anesidora), brand new spender away from merchandise, a good surname given to Gaea and Demeter, the second regarding which had a temple under that it term from the Phlius into the Attica. (Paus. i. 31. § 2; Hesych. s. v.; Plut. Sympos. p. 745.)

ANTAEA (Antaia), a good surname from Demeter, Rhea, and you will Cybele, probably signifies a great deity who guy may approach when you look at the prayers. (Orph. Hymn. forty. 1; Apollon. i. 1141; Hesych. s. v.)

BRIMO (Brimo), brand new upset and/or frightening, happens since a good surname of several divinities, instance Hecate otherwise Persephone (Apollon. Rhod. iii. 861, 1211; Tzetz. advertisement Lycoph. 1171), Demeter (Arnob. v. p. 170), and Cybele. (Theodoret. Ther. i. 699.) The brand new Scholiast towards Apollonius (l. c.) brings an extra derivation from Brimo from Bromos, so that it perform consider the latest crackling of your own flame, since Hecate is actually created hit a torch.

Interpretation

CALLIGENEIA (Kalligeneia), good surname away from Demeter or away from this lady nursing assistant and companion, otherwise out-of Gaea. (Aristoph. Thesm. 300, towards African dating service Schol.; Hesych. s. v.; Phot. Lex. s. v.)

CARPO?PHORI (Karpophoroi), this new fruitbearers, a beneficial surname out of Demeter and Cora, not as much as that they was indeed worshipped during the Tegea. (Paus. viii. 53. § 3.) Demeter Carpophoros has been worshipped in the Paros along with. (Ross, Reisen auf den Griech. Inseln, i. p. forty-two.)

CHAMYNE (Chamune), an effective surname out-of Demeter into the Elis, which was derived often regarding world that have started (chainein) at that place to receive Pluto, otherwise from just one Chamynus, so you can just who this building from a temple off Demeter at the Elis was ascribed. (Paus. vi. 21. § 1.)

CHLOE (Chloe), the fresh new flowering, an effective surname regarding Demeter the new protectress of eco-friendly industries, who had a retreat at the Athens conjointly having Ge Curotrophos. (Paus. i. 22. § 3; Eustath. advertising Horn. p. 772.) This surname is likely alluded so you can when Sophocles (Oed. Col. 1600) phone calls their Demeter eu Chloos. (Compensation. Aristoph. Lysist. 815.) Valuing new event Chloeia, select Dict. from Ant. s.v.

CHRYSAOR (Chrusaor). This new god into golden blade otherwise palms. Within this experience it’s made use of since a great surname otherwise attribute of numerous divinities, such as for instance Apollo (Hom. II. xv. 256), Artemis (Herod. viii. 77), and Demeter. (Hom. Hymn. in the Cer. 4.)

CHTHO?NIA (Chthonia), can get suggest the subterraucous, and/or deity of one’s planet, which is, new protectress of industries, whence it’s put as a great surname out of infernal divinities, such as Hecate (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 148; Orph. Hymn. thirty-five. 9), Nyx (Orph. Hymn. dos. 8), and you can Melinoe (Orph. Hymn. 70. 1), however, particularly away from Demeter. (Herod. ii. 123; Orph. Hymn. 39. 12; Artemid. ii. 35; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 987.) Although the label, in the example of Demeter, barely needs cause, yet mythology applies one or two tales so you can take into account it. Based on included in this, Clymenus and you may Chthonia, the kids off Phoroneus, depending at Hermione a sanctuary away from Demeter, and you may entitled this lady Chthonia on the term of a single of creators. (Paus. ii. step 3.5. § step three.) Based on an Argive legend, Demeter on her behalf wanderings came to Argolis, in which she is actually sick-obtained by Colontas. Chthonia, their daughter, try dissatisfied together father’s make, and you will, when Colontas along with his house was indeed burned by goddess, Chthonia is carried off from the their so you can Hermione, where she mainly based a sanctuary to help you Demeter Chthonia, and you can instituted the fresh new festival of one’s Chthonia inside her honor. (Paus. ii. thirty five. § 3; Dict. from Ant. s. v. Chthonia.)

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